Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Ontology: is the set of material or immaterial objects, of which a theory assumes that it can make statements about them. According to classical logic, an existence assumption must be assumed. In other fields of knowledge, the question of whether relations really exist or are merely mental constructs, is not always regarded as decisive as long as one can work with them. Immaterial objects are e.g. linguistic structures in linguistics. See also existence, mathematical entities, theoretical entities, theoretical terms, reality, metaphysics, semantic web.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Hans-Georg Gadamer on Ontology - Dictionary of Arguments

I 488
Ontology/Gadamer: [Here] it is (...) about (...) the task to bring to bear the ontological background of the hermeneutical world experience. From the metaphysics of the beautiful, two points in particular will be brought into light, which result from the relationship between the appearance of the beautiful and the comprehensibility of the intelligible.
, >Hermeneutics/Gadamer.
The first is that the appearance of beauty and the mode of understanding are both event-like, and the second is that hermeneutic experience, as an experience of traditional meaning, participates in the immediacy that has always characterized the experience of beauty and all evidence of truth.
1. (...) on the background that the speculation of light and beauty of tradition has given us, the priority that we gave to the doing of the thing within hermeneutical experience can be legitimized. It now becomes clear that this is neither mythology nor a mere dialectical reversal in the style of Hegel, but rather the perpetuation of an ancient moment of truth that can assert itself against modern scientific methodology.
I 490
Let us start out from the ontological basic constitution, according to which being is language, i.e., representing onself, which the hermeneutic experience of being has opened up to us, then, however, not only the event character of the beautiful and the event structure of all understanding follows from it. Just as the mode of being of the beautiful proved to be a preliminary sketch of a general constitution of being, the same will be shown in the associated concept of truth.
>Being/Gadamer, >Truth/Gadamer, >Beauty/Gadamer,
>Hermeneutics/Gadamer, >Language/Gadamer.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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