Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Classification: Classification is the process of categorizing or organizing objects, ideas, or information based on shared characteristics or criteria. It helps to simplify and make sense of complex systems or data.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Pierre Duhem on Classification - Dictionary of Arguments

I 27
Classification/Duhem: What is natural classification? Context of mental operations. It treats not concrete individuals, but abstractions: the types, e.g. vertebrates. >Abstraction
, >Context, >Observation.
I 28
It explains, for example, that the swimming bubble of the fishes is the same as the lungs of the vertebrates. This is a purely ideal combination, which is not based on real organs but on simplified representations. More or less conspicuous similarities are seen by the zoologist as proof of a kinship.
I 29
If, on the other hand, paleontology were to explain to him that the kinship did not exist in this, the zoologist would nevertheless continue to believe that the system was a real relation. He would admit to having deceived himself about the nature of these relationships, but not about their existence.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Duh I
P. Duhem
La théorie physique, son objet et sa structure, Paris 1906
German Edition:
Ziel und Struktur der physikalischen Theorien Hamburg 1998

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