Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Walter Benjamin on Language - Dictionary of Arguments

Bolz II 13
Language/Benjamin: language is not primarily a means of communication, but the medium in which the world is revealed to us.
, >World, >Thinking.
Bolz II 41
Language/Benjamin: BenjaminVsEquality of language and communication: Language is not pronouncing thoughts.
>Communication, >Thoughts.
There is nothing that is not in some sense language.
Bolz II 42
Language/Benjamin: Form of all existing, all existing communicates. The communication through the word is only a special case of language. But this does not mean that the mental being is identical with the linguistic communication.(1)
>Communication, >Mind, >Being, >Words.
Language: there is an unbreakable contrast between linguistic and mental being. The language communicates itself.(2)
We must distinguish between "thing" and "language thing".
Language: language is not identical with "language at all".
>Description levels, >Levels/Order.
Bolz II 44
Language/Hamann: "Language is the mother of reason and revelation, its most important thing".
Names: Jewish custom: everyone has a secret name.
>Names, >Judaism.
Bolz II 56
Language/Benjamin: Grief and melancholy make speechless, but precisely this speechlessness can represent the essence of language.

1. W. Benjamin, Gesammelte Schriften. Unter Mitwirkung von Th. W. Adorno und Gershom Sholem herausgegeben von Rolf Tiedemann und Hermann Schweppenhäuser Frankfurt/M. 1972-89. Bd II, S. 140
2. Ebenda. S. 145ff

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Bo I
N. Bolz
Kurze Geschichte des Scheins München 1991

Bolz II
Norbert Bolz
Willem van Reijen
Walter Benjamin Frankfurt/M. 1991

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