Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Laws: A. Laws are rules created and enforced by governments to regulate behavior, protect people's rights, and promote order and justice in society. - B. Laws of nature are fundamental principles that describe how the universe works. They are universal and unchanging. - C. The status of laws in the individual sciences is controversial, since they may only describe regularities. See also Natural laws, Regularities, Principles.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Aristotle on Laws - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 323
Law/Techne/Knowledge/Phronesis/Aristotle: [The user of laws] will have to let up on the strictness of the law in the concrete situation. But if the person does so, it is not because it does not work out better, but because it would not be right otherwise. By slackening the law a person does not make concessions to the law, but on the contrary, he or she finds the better law. Aristotle gives this the most definite expression in his analysis: "Epieikeia"(1) is correction of the law.(2)
Aristotle shows that all law is in a necessary tension to the concretion of action, as long as it is general and therefore cannot contain practical reality in its full concretion.
Cf. >Morality/Aristotle
, >Self-Knowledge/Aristotle, >Techne/Aristotle, >Phronesis/Aristotle.
Gadamer I 324
Gadamer: The law is always defective, not because it is defective itself, but because, in comparison with the order that the laws mean, human reality remains necessarily defective and therefore does not allow for a simple application of it.
>Legal Hermeneutics/Gadamer, >Natural Laws/Aristotle, >Natural Justice/Aristotle.

1. Eth. Nic. E 14
2. Lex superior preferenda est inferiori (writes Melanchthon explaining the ratio of the Epieikeia. The oldest version of Melanchthon's Ethics, edited by H. Heineck (Berlin 1893 S. 29)).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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