Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Science: Science is a systematic process of acquiring knowledge about the natural world through observation, experimentation, and hypothesis testing. It is based on the assumption that the universe is governed by natural laws that can be discovered through scientific inquiry. See also Method, Review, Knowledge, Verification, Confirmation.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Max Black on Science - Dictionary of Arguments

III 64
Science/Black: some: instead of truth better probability as a target. - BlackVs: it is easier to find a truth about copper than a probability. - Benjamin Franklin: young people should begin sentences with "possibly".
III 66
Science/Existence/Truth/Black: Thesis: Truth assertions imply the attribution of existence to the objects of which we speak. - It is unclear what the last objects are.
III 67
Objectivity/Black: part of the core is that the objects are independent from us. - Planck: it is of paramount importance that the outside world is independent from us. >Outer world
, >Reality, >Predictions, >Independence.
III 73
Science/T. H. Huxley: is nothing but a common sense, but one that is better trained and organized.
III 77
Neutrality/Science/Value Neutral/Black: in which war should one be neutral here? - Whether cancer is an evil is not a scientific question. - In order to be able to be neutral, one must be able to take sides.
III 79
Science has nothing to do with non-scientific issues. - This is a logical problem.
III 80
In a deduction nothing can follow that is not already contained in the premises.
III 82
Black: nevertheless VsNeutrality of science. >Naturalistic fallacy.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Black I
Max Black
"Meaning and Intention: An Examination of Grice’s Views", New Literary History 4, (1972-1973), pp. 257-279
Handlung, Kommunikation, Bedeutung, G. Meggle (Hg), Frankfurt/M 1979

Black II
M. Black
The Labyrinth of Language, New York/London 1978
German Edition:
Sprache. Eine Einführung in die Linguistik München 1973

Black III
M. Black
The Prevalence of Humbug Ithaca/London 1983

Black IV
Max Black
"The Semantic Definition of Truth", Analysis 8 (1948) pp. 49-63
Truth and Meaning, Paul Horwich, Aldershot 1994

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