Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Nominalism on Language - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 439
Language/Essence/Nominalism/Gadamer: (...) with the nominalistic dissolution of the classical logic of essence, the problem of language also [enters] a new stage. Suddenly, it is of positive importance that one can articulate things in different ways (though not arbitrarily) in terms of their agreement and difference. If the relationship between genus and species can be legitimized not only from the nature of things - with the model of the "real" species in the self-construction of living nature - but also in another way in relation to the human and his name-giving sovereignty, then the historically grown languages, their history of meaning as well as their grammar and syntax, let themselves be understood as variation forms of a logic of experience, a natural, i.e. historical experience (which itself still includes the supernatural).
The division of words and things, which each language does in its own way, represents everywhere a first natural concept formation, which is very far away from the system of scientific concept formation. It follows the human aspect of things completely, the system of its needs and interests. What is essential in one thing for a linguistic community can be assigned with other things, perhaps quite different ones, of a uniform designation
I 440
if they all have the same essential side. The naming (impositio nominis) in no way corresponds to the essence of science and its classification system of genus and species. Rather, measured against this system, it is very often accidentals from which the general meaning of a word is derived.Cf. >Language/Renaissance
, >Language/Middle Ages.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Nominalism
Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977


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