Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Recognition, philosophy: the ability of a conscious subject to identify a pattern that has already been received by this subject. This ability is no knowledge-how and no quale, since there is no particular way of experience that all the cases of recognition have in common. However, the ability to recognize certain features can be learned, but this is actually an identification and no recognition. See also memory, qualia, knowledge-how, knowledge, computation, identification, individuation, similarity, equality.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Martin Heidegger on Recognition - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 265
Recognition/Heidegger/Gadamer: (...) the completed understanding represents the state of a new spiritual freedom. It implies the all-round possibility of interpretation, seeing references, drawing conclusions, etc., in which, in the area of understanding the text, there is the possibility of knowing oneself. Even those who are familiar with a machine, i.e. who know how to use it, or who know how to use a craft - admittedly, rational understanding is standardized differently than, for instance, the understanding of expressions of life or of texts - it remains true that all such understanding is, in the end, an understanding of oneself.
Gadamer: Now (...) due to the existential future of human Dasein the structure of historical understanding becomes only visible in its entire ontological foundation.
For Heidegger, too, historical recognition is not planning design, not extrapolation
Gadamer I 266
of will objectives, no putting things into place according to the wishes and prejudices or suggestions of the powerful, but rather a measure of the matter, mensuratio ad rem. Only that this thing here is not a factum brutum, not a merely existing, merely ascertainable and measurable thing, but ultimately itself of the nature of existence.
Gadamer: This [often repeated] statement does not mean a mere 'sameness' of the one who recognizes and the one who recognized (...). In truth, the measure of all that is recognisable to that which is recognized is not based on the fact that they are of the same nature, but receives its meaning through the particularity of the nature of being that is common to both. It consists in the fact that
neither the recognizing nor the recognized are "present", but are of the nature of being of historicity.
>History/Heidegger, >Historicity/Heidegger.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Martin Heidegger
Sein und Zeit Tübingen 1993

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

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