Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Understanding: the ability to give reasons for a distinction or to justify a selection of options. For the understanding of signs and words plays a role, whether one can connect an object with the word or sign, as well as whether one can replace the sign or word with another sign or word. In order to understand full sentences, the context must be grasped as well. A point of contention is whether knowing the truth conditions gives the sentence its meaning. In other words Whether there is the knowledge about what should be if the sentence were true. If that is correct, there is no need to know whether the sentence is true (cf. M. Dummett, Ursprünge der analytischen Philosophie Frankfurt 1992, p. 20). See also substitution, truth conditions, knowledge.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Martin Heidegger on Understanding - Dictionary of Arguments

Gadamer I 264
Understanding/Heidegger/Gadamer: Understanding (...) is the original form of the accomplishment of Dasein, the "being-in-the-world" (...). Before all differentiation of understanding into the different directions of pragmatic or theoretical interest, understanding is the way of being of the Da-sein (German: "being-there"), as long as it is "possibility" and able to be.
HeideggerVsDroysen/HeideggerVsDilthey: The concept of understanding is no longer a methodological concept, as in Droysen. Neither is understanding, as in Dilthey's attempt at a hermeneutical foundation of the humanities, an inverse operation that follows the course of life towards ideality.
Cf. >J.G. Droysen, >W. Dilthey.
Understanding is the original character of being of human life itself. (...) [Task of understanding]: to clarify this structure of Dasein through a "transcendental analysis of existence".

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Figal I 69
Understanding/Heidegger/Figal: we understand ourselves in the different contexts of everyday life. Matter of course.
Figal I 85
Understanding: immediately perceiving possibilities (future character).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Martin Heidegger
Sein und Zeit Tübingen 1993

Gadamer I
Hans-Georg Gadamer
Wahrheit und Methode. Grundzüge einer philosophischen Hermeneutik 7. durchgesehene Auflage Tübingen 1960/2010

Gadamer II
H. G. Gadamer
The Relevance of the Beautiful, London 1986
German Edition:
Die Aktualität des Schönen: Kunst als Spiel, Symbol und Fest Stuttgart 1977

Figal I
Günter Figal
Martin Heidegger zur Einführung Hamburg 2016

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