|Behavior, philosophy: behavior ist the set of observable changes in the describable state of living organisms that are initiated by these organisms themselves, or which are a reaction to external stimuli, in which there is a certain choice of the reaction. Flanking thoughts do not belong to behavior, since an arbitrary extension of the frame of reference would make a determination of the behavior impossible. See also behaviorism, psychology, mentalism, naturalism, observation._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Wilfrid Sellars on Behavior - Dictionary of Arguments
Theoretical Terms/observation/Sellars: theoretical terms are defined in behaviorist psychology not only not in terms of open behavior, but neither in terms of nerves, synapses, neuron irritations, etc.
A behaviorist theory of behavior is not as such already a physiological explanation of behavior. For a structure of theoretical concepts to be suitable to provide explanations for behavior, it must be impossible to identify the theoretical concepts with the concepts of neurophysiology.
>Neuroscience, >Theoretical terms, >Behaviorism, >Observation sentences, >Observation language.
However, you operate under a certain regulative ideal, the ideal of a coherent system.
The behavioral theory is not fixed from the outset to a physiological identification of all its concepts.
Action>Sellars: fundamental beliefs are expressed in uniformity of behavior.
This does not mean that no deviations are possible, but only that the representation of a principle is in any case also characterized by uniformity of behavior.
>Principles._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Myth of the Given: Three Lectures on the Philosophy of Mind, University of London 1956 in: H. Feigl/M. Scriven (eds.) Minnesota Studies in the Philosophy of Science 1956
Der Empirismus und die Philosophie des Geistes Paderborn 1999
Science, Perception, and Reality, London 1963
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977