Kevin M. Williams on Machiavellianism - Dictionary of Arguments
Corr II 248
Machiavellianism/Dark Triad Traits/Personality Traits/Paulhus/Williams/Zeigler-Hill/Marcus: In contrast to narcissism and psychopathy, which have their origins in the clinical literature, Machiavellianism is exclusively a non-clinical construct that takes its name from Niccolò Machiavelli, whose 16th-century book “The Prince” described the sort of manipulative and calculating interpersonal strategies that he thought were necessary for individuals to be able to seize or maintain power. Christie and Geis (1970)(1) introduced the construct of Machiavellianism to the psychological literature. Machiavellianism is characterized by a selfish orientation, the strategic manipulation of others and a cynical view of human nature.
The most common instrument for capturing Machiavellianism is the MACH-W (Christie & Geis, 1970)(1). This self-report scale consists of items that concern various aspects of interpersonal manipulation. As with narcissism and psychopathy, it may be problematic to rely on self-report instruments when attempting to capture Machiavellianism because individuals with high levels of Machiavellianism may be reluctant to provide honest assessments of their own personality traits. One alternative may be the development of an instrument that could be completed by individuals who are familiar with the target (e.g., friends, romantic partners, family members, co-workers). However, this approach would have its own set of limitations (e.g., limited insight into the motivations (…)).
1. Christie, R., & Geis, F. (1970). Studies in Machiavellianism. New York: Academic Press.
Zeigler-Hill, Virgil; Marcus, David K.: “The Dark Side of Personality Revisiting Paulhus and Williams (2002)”, In: Philip J. Corr (Ed.) 2018. Personality and Individual Differences. Revisiting the classical studies. Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne: Sage, pp. 245-262._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
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Philip J. Corr
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Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018