Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Syntax: Syntax is a collective term for systems that regulate the composition of signs into linear combinations (strings), as opposed to the semantics interpreting these strings. Syntax questions concern the permissibility, in short, the existence of combinations, not the resulting being true or false of the interpreted formulas. See also proof theory, existence, morphology, semantics, pragmatics, linguistics.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Arthur N. Prior on Syntax - Dictionary of Arguments

I 46
Syntax/Prior: variables and constants belong to the same syntactic category.
, >Constants
Problem: what is the meaning of the quantifier with quantification over properties?
>Quantification over properties, >Quantification, >Quantifiers.
Should the following variable (to be bound by the quantifier) belong to it?
>Bound Variables.
Solution: if we consider lambda operators as the only operators that may bind the variables, then the quantifier can build the sentence :


(which is equivalent to the simple φ) is briefly


everything φ-s.
The quantifier builts the sentence.
>Lambda calculus, >Lambda notation, >Range.
Syntactic status of Lambda: symbolic crutch.
Problem: e.g. Something is not the case: SN: S builds a sentence out of a one-digit compound or an adverb.
>Sets, >Clauses, >Adverbs.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Pri I
A. Prior
Objects of thought Oxford 1971

Pri II
Arthur N. Prior
Papers on Time and Tense 2nd Edition Oxford 2003

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