|Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Language/thinking/Pinker: we do not think in our mother tongue.
PinkerVsWhorf: the English have no word for gloating, but they know exactly what is meant - all the strange feeling words can be acquired - Margeret Mead: thesis: the people of Samoa are dispassionate - PinkerVsMead: unbelievable - Derek FreemanVsMead: debunked this as misrepresentation._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
How the Mind Works, New York 1997
Wie das Denken im Kopf entsteht München 1998