Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Brian Loar on Language - Dictionary of Arguments

Avramides I 75
Def possible language/Loar: abstract entity, which must still be based on a speaker.
- - -
Loar II 146
Language/Loar: Community based. - Therefore intensions are important -> quantification into the semantic content of sentences.
>Language community
, >Language use, >Intensions, >Content.
Problem: the p-position in the Tarski scheme only allows extensions.
>Tarski scheme.
Loar thesis: the semantic properties of the sentence components are a function of the propositional attitudes of the speakers.
>Propositional attitudes, >Semantic properties, >Sentences, >Compositionality.
II 149
Language/Loar: maybe a function of sentences on sentence-like intentions (which in turn are functions of possible worlds on truth values).
>Truth values, >Possible worlds, >Intentions.
Loar: Language is always relative to a community - not reducible to logical and syntactic terms. - Factual use is decisive, so psychological terms come into play.

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Loar I
B. Loar
Mind and Meaning Cambridge 1981

Loar II
Brian Loar
"Two Theories of Meaning"
In
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J. McDowell, Oxford 1976

Avr I
A. Avramides
Meaning and Mind Boston 1989

Loar II
Brian Loar
"Two Theories of Meaning"
In
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J. McDowell, Oxford 1976


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