Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Language, philosophy: language is a set of phonetic or written coded forms fixed at a time for the exchange of information or distinctions within a community whose members are able to recognize and interpret these forms as signs or symbols. In a wider sense, language is also a sign system, which can be processed by machines. See also communication, language rules, meaning, meaning change, information, signs, symbols, words, sentences, syntax, semantics, grammar, pragmatics, translation, interpretation, radical interpretation, indeterminacy.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

George Berkeley on Language - Dictionary of Arguments

Avramides I 140
BerkeleyVsLocke: no "generalizing forces" - linguistic generalization is no generalization of mind. - Singular names do not have to give rise to the understanding of ideas. >Generalization
It is not the main purpose of language to evoke ideas.
Instead: even eliciting of passion discouraging and encouraging of actions, etc.
>Ideas, >Understanding.
- - -
Breidert I 228ff
Language/Berkeley: Philosophical errors are often explained linguistically. - Incorrect projection: the idea of a thing.
Ambiguity: "something" or "a thing": is applicable to ideas or acts of will.
Ideas/Berkeley: ideas of things perceived.
Notion/Berkeley: concept of a mind and its activities.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
G. Berkeley
I Breidert Berkeley: Wahrnnehmung und Wirklichkeit, aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der gr. Philosophen, Göttingen (UTB) 1997
Avr I
A. Avramides
Meaning and Mind Boston 1989

Ber I
W. Breidert
Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen, J. Speck (Hg), Göttingen 1997

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