Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Relations, philosophy: relations are that what can be discovered or produced in objects or states when compared to other objects or other states with regard to a selected property. For example, dimensional differences between objects A and B, which are placed into a linguistic order with the expression "larger" or "smaller" as a link, are determinations of relations which exist between the objects. Identity or equality is not accepted as a relation by most authors. See also space, time, order, categories, reflexivity, symmetry, transitivity.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

David Hume on Relations - Dictionary of Arguments

I 121/122
Relation/KantVsHume: relations are not external to ideas.
HumeVsKant: each relation is external in their terms, e.g. equality is not a property of the figures themselves, e.g. neighboring and distant figures do not explain what neighborhood and distance is. Relation anticipates a synthesis. Space/time: space and time are in the mind only a composition, bearing relation through fiction. E.g. association: creates relation, but does not explain that distance is a relation.
Cf. >Properties/Chisholm
>Association/Hume, >Mind/Hume.
I 135
Relations/Hume: relations cannot be derived from experience, they are effects of association principles external to the things (atomism).
KantVsHume: not externally. Kant: therefore, critical philosophy instead of empiricism.
I 139
KantVsHume: relations are so far dependent on the nature of things, as things presuppose a synthesis as phenomena that result from the same source as the synthesis of relations. Therefore, the critical philosophy is not empiricism. There is an a priori, that means, the imagination is productive.
>Imagination/Hume, >Imagination/Kant.
I 145
Causality/Hume: causality is the only relation, from which something can be concluded.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
D. Hume
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997

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