Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Law: law is an expression of the totality of social standards as binding norms in contrast to less binding rules and conventions. The law includes obligations as well as authorizations. In order to ensure equal treatment of the members of a society, the law is laid down in laws. See also laws, norms, values, society.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

David Hume on Law - Dictionary of Arguments

Deleuze I 35
Law/Hume: law is not a natural principle. This is an artificial rule. Morality is integrated by a political agreement.
>Principles/Hume, >Morals/Hume.
HumeVsHobbes: VsSocial Contract: the social contract draws a false picture of society, only a negative one. Positive: lust is the driving force of all action. It is in my best interest to leave someone to his or her property, provided he/she does the same for me. Ownership is the essential political phenomenon.
Rawls I 184
Def Law/observation/order/justice/Hume/Rawls: something, e.g. a social system, is fair, if an ideal impartial observer from outside would judge this from a general point of view, if he had all relevant information about the circumstances.

(See Roderick Firth, "Ethical Absolutism and the Ideal Observer", Philosophy and Phenomenological Research, vol. 12, 1952; F. C. Sharp, Good and Ill Wll, Chicago, 1950, pp. 156-162; D. Hume, Treatise of Human Nature, ed. L. A. Selby-Bigge, Oxford, 1888, esp. Bk III, pt. III, sec I, esp. Pp574-584.
More general discussion: C. D. Broad,"Some Reflections on Moral-Sense Theories in Ethics". Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society, vol. 45 (1944-45); W. K. Kneale, "Objectivity in Morals", Philosophy, vol. 25 (1950).)

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
D. Hume
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
Deleuze I
Gilles Deleuze
Felix Guattari
Qu’est-ce que la philosophie, Paris 1991
German Edition:
Was ist Philosophie? Frankfurt/M. 2000

Hum I
G. Deleuze
David Hume , Frankfurt 1997

Rawl I
J. Rawls
A Theory of Justice: Original Edition Oxford 2005

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