Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Rationality, philosophy: rationality is the ability of a being to consciously adapt to a situation due to the generalizations of his experiences. It can also be rational to want to learn something new. See also system, order, creativity, discoveries, evaluation, repetition.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Niklas Luhmann on Rationality - Dictionary of Arguments

I 129f
Def Rationality/Luhmann/Reese-Schäfer: the bid to respect the functional differentiations. This is ompletely different to Habermas.
LuhmannVsHabermas: overall societal rationality can finally not exist in the generalization of what all the individual functional areas see as their rationality.
For this purpose, there can be no privileged place, no responsible organization, so no 'constitution'.
AU Kass 8
Rationality/Luhmann: question: how can rationality be understood under the realistic conditions of universal deceit at all?
Tradition: Thesis: action and circumstances are both natural - also the criteria for correctness.
AU Kass 8
Rationality/Habermas: distinction strategic/communicative rationality.
LuhmannVsHabermas: the rationality should be the same rationality on both sides. Why are we talking about rationality then?
But what is the common component? - Neither Habermas nor Weber say that.
>Rationality/Habermas, >Rationality/Weber.
Luhmann: Today: rationality of action: preferences - antonym: side-effects.
>Action/Luhmann, >Action system/Luhmann, >Action theory.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

N. Luhmann
Introduction to Systems Theory, Lectures Universität Bielefeld 1991/1992
German Edition:
Einführung in die Systemtheorie Heidelberg 1992

Lu I
N. Luhmann
Die Kunst der Gesellschaft Frankfurt 1997

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