Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Negation, philosophy, logic: negation of a sentence. In logic, this is done by prefixing the negation symbol. Colloquially expressed by the word "not", which can be at different positions in the sentence. If the negation refers only to one sentence part, this must be made clear by the position, e.g. a predicate can be denied without negating the whole sentence. In logic, therefore, inner and outer negation is distinguished by the use of different symbols.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

J��rgen Habermas on Negation - Dictionary of Arguments

IV 114
Negation/Illocutionary acts/Habermas: ironically, the binding effect of illocutionary forces comes about because the interaction participants can say "no" to offers of speech acts. The critical nature of this saying-no distinguishes such an opinion from a reaction based on mere arbitrariness. The listener can (...) be bound because he/she is not allowed to reject them arbitrarily, but only deny them, i.e. reject them with reasons. (1)

1. From Herder to Nietzsche to Heidegger and Gehlen, the "ability to say no" has been repeatedly emphasized as an anthropological monopoly. This insight is also the basis of Popper and Adorno's criticist thesis in different versions that reliable knowledge can only be gained through the negation of statements. ((s) See Negation/Adorno, Falsification/Popper).

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Ha I
J. Habermas
Der philosophische Diskurs der Moderne Frankfurt 1988

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. I Frankfurt/M. 1981

Jürgen Habermas
Theorie des kommunikativen Handelns Bd. II Frankfurt/M. 1981

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