Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Names, proper names, philosophy: the status of proper names is a relatively new philosophical problem. S. A. Kripke has treated it as one of the first in “Naming and Necessity” (three lectures at Princeton University 1970, reprint Cambridge, 1980). Against the traditional bundle theory, according to which the meaning of names lies in the properties, or at least in the essential properties of their bearers, Kripke develops a causal theory of the names, which ultimately goes back to a baptism in the broader sense. The decisive point is that the name is associated with the person but it is not required that the person has any additional properties. See also causal theory, possible worlds, rigidity, rigid designators, descriptions.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Arthur N. Prior on Proper Names - Dictionary of Arguments

I 119 ff
Names/Hobbes: names are names of our ideas.
>Th. Hobbes
, >Ideas.
MillVsHobbes: names convey to the others, what we think of someone (something), not only about our idea
The idea of fire does not cause the heat, even though I must have terms to think.
>Proper names/Mill, cf. >Connotation.
I 158ff
Name/existence/Prior: Vs the thesis, "Name is all what intends to identify a real object": Problem: indirect speech: E.g. The spokesperson believes Holmes exist, but the listener does not: then the speaker is in a position to identify Holmes the listener is not but then the listener cannot tell what the speaker has said (absurd).
>Thought objects, >Belief objects, >Identification, >Individuation.
I 168
Names/KennyVsRussell: there is a hideen description in "B exists".
>Hidden descriptions.
PriorVsKenny: when names must name something then no name can be used in indirect speech with a known non-existence.
>Naming, >Non-existence, >Indirect speech.
I 168ff
Theory/PriorVsKenny: cannot set up his own theory. - Kenny Thesis: names must intend reference - then the theorist himself cannot even intend to use the name if he talks in his example sentences of non-existent persons.
>A. Kenny.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Pri I
A. Prior
Objects of thought Oxford 1971

Pri II
Arthur N. Prior
Papers on Time and Tense 2nd Edition Oxford 2003

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> Counter arguments against Prior
> Counter arguments in relation to Proper Names

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