Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Morals: morals refers to a more or less coded set of rules, action maxims, duties and prohibitions within a society or group. Most of these rules are unconsciously internalized among the members of the society or group. Their justification and the possible assessment of actions are reflected in ethics and meta ethics. See also values, norms, rights, ethics.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

David Hume on Morals - Dictionary of Arguments

I 27
Moral/Hume: there are no conclusions here.
1. Moral affections (part of the circumstances).
2. Exceeding (knowledge).
In nature, there is no whole - in contrast to moral.
, >Nature/Hume.
I 154 f
Moral/Hume: moral does not come from reason. Principles of association cannot choose. Therefore, there is no moral from principles. But moral is similar to action. This is beyond the relations. Searching for pleasure is not content, but the work of principles.
Stegmüller IV 238
Virtue/Hume: distinction: natural virtue belongs to biological equipment. The moral philosophers have referred to it exclusively before Hume, e.g. generosity, forbearance, benevolence, charity, moderation, impartiality (basis: human sympathy). Artificial virtue: is nothing more than human inventions, e.g. respect of property, rules for ownership transfer, pledges, commitment, to satisfy contracts, loyalty to the government. This does not come from benevolence, because then it would depend on whether it is for the welfare of all. It also does not come from sympathy, because that is gradually, respect however must not be gradual.
Stegmüller IV 290
Moral/ethics/Hume/Stegmüller: we can ascribe to him that he would have rejected a justification of moral. But he would have insisted on an investigation of our terms of norms and institutions. Then, it is not a task of the philosopher to call for compliance.
>Morals/Hume, >Ethics/Hume.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
D. Hume
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
Carnap V
W. Stegmüller
Rudolf Carnap und der Wiener Kreis
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I, , München 1987

St I
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I Stuttgart 1989

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 2 Stuttgart 1987

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 3 Stuttgart 1987

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 4 Stuttgart 1989

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