Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Metaphysics: is a theory that has the claim to ask questions and provide answers beyond our available knowledge. It is objected that even for asking questions, a knowledge of the meanings of the words used is required. This knowledge is not given when experiences or at least theories using these terms are not available. See also essentialism, metaphysical possibility.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

John D. Barrow on Metaphysics - Dictionary of Arguments

I 57
Metaphysics/Science/Barrow: metaphysical conditions under which we as effectively as possible can proceed from the simple experience of the world to knowledge:
1. There is an outer world
2. The world is ultimately rational (not A and non-A non-simultaneously)
3. The world can be locally explored , without losing its essential structure
4. The elementary variables have no free will
5. The separation of events and their perception is a harmless simplification
6. In nature, there are regularities, and these are predictable in some ways
7. There are space and time
8. The world can be described mathematically
9. These assumptions apply equally anywhere, anytime.
I 58
Holism/Barrow: if it were true, 3. would not apply.
>Cosmological principle
, >Copernican principle, >Principles, >Laws of nature, >Science,
>Holism, >Space, >Time, >Regularity, >Freedom of will, >Reality, >External world,
>Events, >Perception, >World, >World/thinking.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

John D. Barrow
Warum die Welt mathematisch ist Frankfurt/M. 1996

John D. Barrow
The World Within the World, Oxford/New York 1988
German Edition:
Die Natur der Natur: Wissen an den Grenzen von Raum und Zeit Heidelberg 1993

John D. Barrow
Impossibility. The Limits of Science and the Science of Limits, Oxford/New York 1998
German Edition:
Die Entdeckung des Unmöglichen. Forschung an den Grenzen des Wissens Heidelberg 2001

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