Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Learning: learning is acquiring the ability to establish relationships between signs, symptoms or symbols and objects. This also includes e.g. recognition and recollection of patterns, similarities, sensory perceptions, self-perception, etc. In the ideal case, the ability to apply generalizations to future cases is acquired while learning. See also knowledge, knowledge-how, competence.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Item Summary Meta data

Daniel Dennett on Learning - Dictionary of Arguments

I 690ff
Learning/DennettVsPinker: There is no "multipurpose operation" (Humans have different symbols than animals.) But humans have so many individual devices for specific tasks that learning can often be regarded as media and content-neutral gift of non-stupidity.
II 102ff
Dev Skinnerian creatures: "Where the inherited behavior ceases, the inherited variability of the conditioning processsets on". In the second experiment, the amplified version is selected.
Def Popperian creatures/Dennett: their inner environment is an image of the outside world. (learned experience of others).
Even a pilot training, where you just read a book would be Popperian. But that would be better than just trying your luck in the sky.
Human/Dennett: Man is both a Skinnerain, a Darwinian, but also a Popperian creature. But with this he differs not at all from most animals.
Def Gregorian creature/Dennett: benefits from the experience of others by using the insights that embody invented other intellectual tools. These improve both the producer and the examiner.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Dennett I
D. Dennett
Darwin’s Dangerous Idea, New York 1995
German Edition:
Darwins gefährliches Erbe Hamburg 1997

Dennett II
D. Dennett
Kinds of Minds, New York 1996
German Edition:
Spielarten des Geistes Gütersloh 1999

Dennett III
Daniel Dennett
"COG: Steps towards consciousness in robots"
Bewusstein, Thomas Metzinger, Paderborn/München/Wien/Zürich 1996

Dennett IV
Daniel Dennett
"Animal Consciousness. What Matters and Why?", in: D. C. Dennett, Brainchildren. Essays on Designing Minds, Cambridge/MA 1998, pp. 337-350
Der Geist der Tiere, D Perler/M. Wild, Frankfurt/M. 2005

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