Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Artificial intelligence: is the ability of artificial systems, to recognize patterns and redundancies, to replenish incomplete sequences, to re-formulate and solve problems, and to estimate probabilities. This is not an automation of human behavior. Rather, artificial systems are only used by humans to make decisions, when these systems have already made autonomous decisions. See also artificial consciousness, intelligence, consciousness.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

David Deutsch on Artificial Intelligence - Dictionary of Arguments

Brockman I 116
Artificial Intelligence/Deutsch: Misconceptions about human thinking and human origins are causing corresponding misconceptions about AGI (artificial general intelligence) and how it might be created. For example, it is generally assumed that the evolutionary pressure that produced modern humans was provided by the benefits of having an ever-greater ability to innovate. But if that were so, there would have been rapid progress as soon as thinkers existed, just as we hope will happen when we create artificial ones. >Imitation/Deutsch, >Knowledge/Popper.
But instead, there were hundreds of thousands of years of near stasis. Progress happened only on timescales much longer than people’s lifetimes, so in a typical generation no one benefited from any progress.
Brockman I 119
A present-day AI is not a mentally disabled AGI (artificial general intelligence), so it would not be harmed by having its mental processes directed still more narrowly to meeting some predetermined criterion. (…) all the effort that has ever increased the capabilities of AIs has gone into narrowing their range of potential “thoughts.” (E.g., Chess engines); their basic task has not changed from the outset (…). >Artificial General Intelligence/Deutsch.
For general problems with programming AI: >Thinking/Deutsch, >Obedience/Deutsch.
Brockman I 123
Test for Artificial General Intelligence: (…) I expect that any testing in the process of creating an AGI risks being counterproductive, even immoral, just as in the education of humans. I share Turing’s supposition that we’ll know an AGI when we see one, but this partial ability to recognize success won’t help in creating the successful program. >Artificial General Intelligence/Deutsch.

Deutsch, D. “Beyond Reward and Punishment” in: Brockman, John (ed.) 2019. Twenty-Five Ways of Looking at AI. New York: Penguin Press.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Deutsch I
D. Deutsch
Fabric of Reality, Harmondsworth 1997
German Edition:
Die Physik der Welterkenntnis München 2000

Brockman I
John Brockman
Possible Minds: Twenty-Five Ways of Looking at AI New York 2019

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