Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Description: A. Characterization of singular objects or events instead of giving a name. As opposed to names descriptions are not rigid, i.e. they may refer to different objects in different worlds. - B. Linguistic form for attributing predicates according to the perceptions of objects. See also rigidity, theory of descriptions.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Robert Stalnaker on Descriptions - Dictionary of Arguments

I 67
Description/modal reality/Lewis/Stalnaker: one describes modal reality by telling the parts from another. Possible worlds differ from each other in many dimensions, so that there is a lot to say about it - this is nothing mystical.
I 210
Identity/identification/Stalnaker: there are different descriptions: e.g. morning Star/evening star or Superman/Clark Kent. But what is not different is: Cicero/Tully. Someone who does not know that Cicero = Tully, can still be a competent user of the name. He/she can also express beliefs about Tullius and knows that Tullius refers to Tullius.
>Modalities, >Modal realism, >Possible worlds, >Necessity, >Possibility, >Contingency, >Situations, >Facts.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Stalnaker I
R. Stalnaker
Ways a World may be Oxford New York 2003

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