|Information, information theory: A character or a character combination contains information when it is clear to the recipient that this character or the character combination appears instead of another possible character or a possible character combination. The supply of possible characters determines to a part the probability of the occurrence of a character from this supply. In addition, the expected probability of the appearance of a character can be increased by already experienced experiences of regularities. The amount of information transmitted by a character depends on the improbability of the occurrence of the character._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Definition information/Pinker: a relationship between two things that are caused by a lawful procedure - E.g. embodied info: age rings of a tree - but they were not even produced by the growth.
Information is nothing special - it can be found everywhere where a cause has an effect - Searle would say, it cannot be found, only we can find it, because we must first fill it with meaning - Pinker ditto - symbol: transmits info and makes something happen._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
How the Mind Works, New York 1997
Wie das Denken im Kopf entsteht München 1998