Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Peter M. Simons on Individuals - Dictionary of Arguments

I 28
Individuals cannot be atoms. Atoms would be all identical because they have the same parts (namely none). Solution: a solution is offered by the proper parts principle.
Proper Parts Principle/strong/SSP/strong supporting principle: if x is not part of y, then there is a z, which is part of x, and separated by y. Problem: the interval [0,1) is not part of the interval (0.1] (or vice versa) but no part of [0,1) is separated from (0,1]. This means that overlapping intervals do not always have a unique product. However, extensionality demands that two overlapping individuals have a maximum common part. Solution: if x and y overlap, then all parts of the overlapping part are parts of x and parts of y.
I 109
Individual/SimonsVsGoodman (Leonard): not every still so abstract concept (plural term) should correspond to an individual. But: to have identity conditions for every individual, is an excessive demand. That does not work in everyday life.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Simons I
P. Simons
Parts. A Study in Ontology Oxford New York 1987

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