|Individuation, philosophy: the picking out of an object by a determination by means of additional information which is not to be derived from a single statement which contains this object. For example, beliefs are individualized by content, not e.g. by the length of the character strings with which they are expressed. The contents of a belief are, in turn, not individuated by their repetition, but by other contents._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Stephen Schiffer on Individuation - Dictionary of Arguments
Individuation/sentence/Schiffer: sentences are individuated by the ordered pair. ((s) Phrases are individuated by meanings, assuming character strings, but not vice versa.)
Schiffer: but only if one assumes propositions as meanings.
Problem: how are we to individuate them differently?
Paratactic analysis/Davidson/solution: "On Saying That" 1968(1)).
1. Donald Davidson (1968). On saying that. Synthese 19 (1-2):130-146_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Remnants of Meaning Cambridge 1987