Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Author Item Summary Meta data
Haslam I 238
Social world/information/stereotypes/complexity/Bruner: thesis: (Bruner 1957)(1): BrunerVsTradition: social perceivers are not hampered by too much information about the social world but by too little.
Tradition: Walter Lippmann (1922)(2), but also (…) William James (…) famously wrote about the world as a ‘blooming buzzing confusion’ (James, 1890(3): 488), many psychologists believe that social perceivers are challenged by a confrontingly complex world and that, as a result, they need to shut some of this confusion out (even at the risk of oversimplifying it). >Simplification/psychological theories.
McGartyVsTradition: social perceivers instead seek to add to their stock of knowledge; (…) they seek out subtleties and concealed insights. >Illusory correlation/McGarty.


1. Bruner, J.S. (1957) ‘On perceptual readiness’, Psychological Review, 64: 123–52.
2. Lippmann, W. (1922) Public Opinion. New York: Harcourt Brace.
3. James, W. (1890) Principles of Psychology. New York: Henry Holt & Co.



Craig McGarty, „Stereotype Formation. Revisiting Hamilton and Gifford’s illusory correlation studies“, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Bruner, Jerome
Haslam I
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017


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