Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Haslam I 233
Minorities/Gifford/Hamilton:When we think of groups whose members are encountered infrequently, for most people, those are minority groups. And if this is the case, then, as they go about their lives, those people should pay extra attention to minority group members. (Hamilton and Gifford 1976(1)).
Attention/Gifford/Hamilton: things that are most likely to grab attention are the things that stand out or are distinctive, and the most distinctive things of all are not those that are old and common (and that have thus been seen before) but rather those that stand out by virtue of being novel and rare. >Simplification/psychological theories, >Stereotypes/Social psychology, >Illusory correlation/Gifford/Hamilton.


1. Hamilton, D.L. and Gifford, R.K. (1976) ‘Illusory correlation in intergroup perception: A cognitive basis of stereotypic judgments’, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 12: 392–407.



Craig McGarty, „Stereotype Formation. Revisiting Hamilton and Gifford’s illusory correlation studies“, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Hamilton, David
Haslam I
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017


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