Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Jigsaw method: The jigsaw method is a cooperative learning technique where students are divided into small groups, with each member learning a unique piece of information. They then teach their segment to the group, fitting together each piece to understand the whole topic. See also Learning, Learning theories, Cooperation, Competition.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Social Identity Theory on Jigsaw Method - Dictionary of Arguments

Haslam I 226
Jigsaw method/Social identity theory: Building on social categorization and social identity principles, the key idea of the common ingroup identity model is that factors that induce members of different groups to recategorize themselves as members of the same, more inclusive group can reduce intergroup bias and promote cooperation through cognitive and motivational processes involving ingroup favouritism(Aronson et al. 1978(1)).
>Jigsaw method/Aronson;
Recategorization: changes the conceptual representations of the different groups from an ‘us’ versus ‘them’ orientation to a more inclusive, superordinate connection: ‘we’ (Turner, Hogg, Oakes, Reicher and Wetherell, 1987)(2).
Social identity: Once common identity is salient, the ways members of different racial- and ethnic-group members sharing that identity are perceived and responded to are transformed (see Gaertner et al. 2016(3).

1. Aronson, E., Stephan, C., Sikes, J., Blaney, N. and Snapp, M. (1978) The Jigsaw Classroom. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.
2. Turner, J.C., Hogg, M.A., Oakes, P.J., Reicher, S. and Wetherell, M.S. (1987) Rediscovering The Social Group: A Self-Categorization Theory. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
3. Gaertner, S.L., Dovidio, J.F., Guerra, R., Hehman, E. and Saguy, T. (2016) ‘A common ingroup identity: A categorization-based approach for reducing intergroup bias’, in T. Nelson (ed.), Handbook of Prejudice, Discrimination, and Stereotyping (2nd edn). New York: Psychology Press. pp. 433–54.

John F. Dovidio, „ Promoting Positive Intergroup Relations. Revisiting Aronson et al.’s jigsaw classroom“, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Social Identity Theory
Haslam I
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017

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