Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Use theory, philosophy of language: the term was formed following a thesis of L. Wittgenstein in his Philosophical Investigations, § 43. (Original in German) You can explain the use of the word "meaning" for a large class of cases - though not in all cases of its use - as the meaning of a word is its use in the language." - This thesis applies to words and cannot be extended to whole sentences. See also use, word meaning, sentence meaning, language acquisition, meaning theory, reference.
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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Thomas Nagel on Use Theory - Dictionary of Arguments

I 57
Nagel: the validity of thoughts does not depend on how they are used!
>Use theory
.
Meaning/validity: Meaning as such is not validity.
>Validity, >Thoughts, >Meaning.
However, the practice of the community cannot be beaten by the objectivity: the language changes.
>Language use, >Practise, >Community, >Language community, >Meaning change.
This does not apply for the content of thoughts. - In contrast to the meaning of words!
>Content, >Word meaning.
I 61
The type of match characterizes the whole concept no more than the sensory perception through which one recognizes a physical object captures the whole concept of this detected object. (Versus use theory of meaning). Meaning is not simply the same as use, unless one understands "use" in a normative sense that already implies meaning.
I 63
NagelVsUse theory: meaning is not simply the same as use, unless one understands "use" in a normative sense that already implies meaning

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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

NagE I
E. Nagel
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979

Nagel I
Th. Nagel
The Last Word, New York/Oxford 1997
German Edition:
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999

Nagel II
Thomas Nagel
What Does It All Mean? Oxford 1987
German Edition:
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990

Nagel III
Thomas Nagel
The Limits of Objectivity. The Tanner Lecture on Human Values, in: The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 1980 Vol. I (ed) St. M. McMurrin, Salt Lake City 1980
German Edition:
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991

NagelEr I
Ernest Nagel
Teleology Revisited and Other Essays in the Philosophy and History of Science New York 1982


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