Psychology Dictionary of ArgumentsHome
|Use theory, philosophy of language: the term was formed following a thesis of L. Wittgenstein in his Philosophical Investigations, § 43. (Original in German) You can explain the use of the word "meaning" for a large class of cases - though not in all cases of its use - as the meaning of a word is its use in the language." - This thesis applies to words and cannot be extended to whole sentences. See also use, word meaning, sentence meaning, language acquisition, meaning theory, reference._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Thomas Nagel on Use Theory - Dictionary of Arguments
Nagel: the validity of thoughts does not depend on how they are used!
Meaning/validity: Meaning as such is not validity.
>Validity, >Thoughts, >Meaning.
However, the practice of the community cannot be beaten by the objectivity: the language changes.
>Language use, >Practise, >Community, >Language community, >Meaning change.
This does not apply for the content of thoughts. - In contrast to the meaning of words!
>Content, >Word meaning.
The type of match characterizes the whole concept no more than the sensory perception through which one recognizes a physical object captures the whole concept of this detected object. (Versus use theory of meaning). Meaning is not simply the same as use, unless one understands "use" in a normative sense that already implies meaning.
NagelVsUse theory: meaning is not simply the same as use, unless one understands "use" in a normative sense that already implies meaning_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979
The Last Word, New York/Oxford 1997
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999
What Does It All Mean? Oxford 1987
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990
The Limits of Objectivity. The Tanner Lecture on Human Values, in: The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 1980 Vol. I (ed) St. M. McMurrin, Salt Lake City 1980
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991
Teleology Revisited and Other Essays in the Philosophy and History of Science New York 1982
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