|Use, philosophy: words are used to mention something. The distinction use/mention is important in the philosophy of language because words or phrases in turn may be mentioned, as in a quote or a correction. Within logical formulas parts are used, others are mentioned. See also mentioning, use theory, meaning, meaning theory, language, quote/disquotation, quotation marks, quasi-quotation, object language, metalanguage._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Logic Texts on Use - Dictionary of Arguments
Sainsbury V 184
Statement/Sainsbury: use of a sentence.
Def statement/Sainsbury: Sentence that is said on a particular occasion.
Indexicality/Sainsbury: shows that it is only statements and not sentences that can actually be called true or false.
Sentence/Description/Paradoxy/Sainsbury: even if sentences are self-referential or circular, it is possible that statements are not!
So it depends not only on the meaning of a sentence, but on its use on a certain occasion. >Paradoxes, >Mention.
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Salmon I 242
Confusion of mention and use: Example
9/12 has a nine in the counter
3/4 = 9/12
3/4 has a nine in the counter.
Numbers: If we want to talk about numbers, we have to form names for them. The word "nine" is ambiguous, sometimes it stands for a number, sometimes for the name of a number!
We can turn the above syllogism into a valid argument: we must replace the second premise with "3/4" = "9/12" (wrong! While 3/4 = 9/12 is mathematically correct.) Now what is wrong with syllogism? The name of the numeral of the first premise must be understood as an uncomposed word. And parts of words must not be replaced.
>Numeral._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Me I Albert Menne Folgerichtig Denken Darmstadt 1988
HH II Hoyningen-Huene Formale Logik, Stuttgart 1998
Re III Stephen Read Philosophie der Logik Hamburg 1997
Sal IV Wesley C. Salmon Logic, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 1973 - German: Logik Stuttgart 1983
Sai V R.M.Sainsbury Paradoxes, Cambridge/New York/Melbourne 1995 - German: Paradoxien Stuttgart 2001
Paradoxes, Cambridge/New York/Melbourne 1995
Paradoxien Stuttgart 1993
Wesley C. Salmon
Logic, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey 1973
Logik Stuttgart 1983
The Foundations Of Scientific Inference 1967
Content, Cognition, and Communication: Philosophical Papers II 2007