|Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontic logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Thomas Nagel on Ethics - Dictionary of Arguments
Ethics/Nagel. Consequentialism: thesis: the consequences of action are important - not how the action feels for the actor.
NagelVs: it about the permission to lead one’s own life.
Internal perspective: Problem: that murder is prohibited does not command to prevent others from committing it.
Internal perspective: legal/illegal.
Ethics/Nagel: core question: how far may the internal point of view be included?
Life is always the individual life. - It cannot be lived sub specie aeternitatis. - The limits are always the individual possibilities.
Ethics/Nagel: the acting from one’s own perspective has such a strong value that deontological paradoxes cannot be excluded. - They would only be avoidable at the cost of the impersonal world.
Parallel objectivity/consciousness/ethics/Nagel: the objective world must contain the subjective perspectives.
Ethics: the neutral reasons that consider the actions of the subject with all its seemingly superstitious reasons.
Determinism/ethics/Nagel: responsibility also exists in deterministic actions when the determination is intrinsic. - Actions that are determined by nothing are incomprehensible.
Ethics/law/moral/God/theology/Nagel: an act is not converted into something wrong just because God exists.
>Morals, >God, >Justification, >Theology.
Categorical imperative/NagelVsKant: nothing but a direct interest in the other can be considered as a basis of ethics.
But: the reason not to do evil to someone else cannot be anchored in the individual person - II 61 Problem: Moral should not depend on the strength of interest in others._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979
The Last Word, New York/Oxford 1997
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999
What Does It All Mean? Oxford 1987
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990
The Limits of Objectivity. The Tanner Lecture on Human Values, in: The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 1980 Vol. I (ed) St. M. McMurrin, Salt Lake City 1980
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991
Teleology Revisited and Other Essays in the Philosophy and History of Science New York 1982