Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontic logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Thomas Nagel on Ethics - Dictionary of Arguments

III 109f
Ethics/Nagel. Consequentialism: thesis: the consequences of action are important - not how the action feels for the actor.
, >Action.
NagelVs: it about the permission to lead one’s own life.
III 111
Internal perspective: Problem: that murder is prohibited does not command to prevent others from committing it.
Utilitarianism: good/bad.
Internal perspective: legal/illegal.
>Subjectivity/Nagel, >Utilitarianism.
III 112
Ethics/Nagel: core question: how far may the internal point of view be included?
Life is always the individual life. - It cannot be lived sub specie aeternitatis. - The limits are always the individual possibilities.
III 87ff
Ethics/Nagel: the acting from one’s own perspective has such a strong value that deontological paradoxes cannot be excluded. - They would only be avoidable at the cost of the impersonal world.
III 86
Parallel objectivity/consciousness/ethics/Nagel: the objective world must contain the subjective perspectives.
>Objectivity, >Objectivity/Nagel.
Ethics: the neutral reasons that consider the actions of the subject with all its seemingly superstitious reasons.
>Recognition, >Intersubjectivity.
II 49
Determinism/ethics/Nagel: responsibility also exists in deterministic actions when the determination is intrinsic. - Actions that are determined by nothing are incomprehensible.
II 54
Ethics/law/moral/God/theology/Nagel: an act is not converted into something wrong just because God exists.
>Morals, >God, >Justification, >Theology.
II 54
Categorical imperative/NagelVsKant: nothing but a direct interest in the other can be considered as a basis of ethics.
>Categorical imperative.
II 55
But: the reason not to do evil to someone else cannot be anchored in the individual person - II 61 Problem: Moral should not depend on the strength of interest in others.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

NagE I
E. Nagel
The Structure of Science: Problems in the Logic of Scientific Explanation Cambridge, MA 1979

Nagel I
Th. Nagel
The Last Word, New York/Oxford 1997
German Edition:
Das letzte Wort Stuttgart 1999

Nagel II
Thomas Nagel
What Does It All Mean? Oxford 1987
German Edition:
Was bedeutet das alles? Stuttgart 1990

Nagel III
Thomas Nagel
The Limits of Objectivity. The Tanner Lecture on Human Values, in: The Tanner Lectures on Human Values 1980 Vol. I (ed) St. M. McMurrin, Salt Lake City 1980
German Edition:
Die Grenzen der Objektivität Stuttgart 1991

NagelEr I
Ernest Nagel
Teleology Revisited and Other Essays in the Philosophy and History of Science New York 1982

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