Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Ethics, philosophy: ethics is concerned with the evaluation and justification of actions and ultimately a justification of morality. See also good, values, norms, actions, deontology, deontic logic, consequentialism, morals, motives, reasons, action theory.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

David Hume on Ethics - Dictionary of Arguments

Stegmüller IV 167
Ethics/Hume: thesis: no feature can be seen in the actions themselves, which would make it possible to distinguish whether they are justified or not.
Cf. >Ethics/Harman.
Stegmüller: but one can even find prescriptive passages in Hume.
IV 243
Ethics/morality/Hume: thesis:
1. Facing scarce resources, people must cooperate in order to survive.
2. HumeVsHobbes: all humans own sympathy - would everything be available in abundance, of course, respect to other people's property would be superfluous.
>Sympathy/Hume, >Sympathy.-
IV 245
The key driving force is self-interest.
IV 247
Ethics/morality/Hume: e.g. the two rowers:
1. Pure coordination problem.
2. No one wants to make an effort.
Stabilization of cooperation:
1. only artificial virtue is assumed,
2. there is no verbal communication and
3. only rational egoism. E.g. help at the harvest: the first helps the other. Then then there is a time lag: the second does not help the other -> free riders problem -> sanctions.
IV 283
Reason/morals/ethics/Hume/Stegmüller: reason can never be the motive for or against an action.
>Reason/Hume, >Actions, >Reasons.
Passions and preferences are logically independent of conclusions. Yet, there are practical-rational preferences.
Mackie: also dispassion does not allow a clear view on things.
Stuhlmann I 64
Ethics/Hume: at its reason moral statements are always required.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
D. Hume
I Gilles Delueze David Hume, Frankfurt 1997 (Frankreich 1953,1988)
II Norbert Hoerster Hume: Existenz und Eigenschaften Gottes aus Speck(Hg) Grundprobleme der großen Philosophen der Neuzeit I Göttingen, 1997
Carnap V
W. Stegmüller
Rudolf Carnap und der Wiener Kreis
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I, , München 1987

St I
W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd I Stuttgart 1989

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 2 Stuttgart 1987

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 3 Stuttgart 1987

W. Stegmüller
Hauptströmungen der Gegenwartsphilosophie Bd 4 Stuttgart 1989

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