Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

Home Screenshot Tabelle Begriffe

Epistemology, philosophy: examines the conditions for the emergence of knowledge and the basis for justification and confirmation. Epistemology cannot explain special cases in which someone who has less information may give more correct answers. See also knowledge, theory, justification, confirmation, reliability.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Gerhard Vollmer on Epistemology - Dictionary of Arguments

EE/evolutionary epistemology/Vollmer: Lorenz is the father of the evolutionary epistemology. Precursor: Donald Campbell, Popper, Lorenz.
>K. Popper
, >K. Lorenz
Two meanings: Popper: scientific theoretical: evolution of knowledge (interactionist, VsIdentity theory).
Lorenz: Evolution of cognition. (Identity theory).
>Identity theory.
I 16
Knowledge/history/quality/primary/secondary/Vollmer: with increasing progress more and more properties were recognized as subjective. - With Locke impenetrability was still a primary quality - today even expansion is not regarded anymore as a primary quality.
>Qualities, >Primary qualities, >Secondary qualities, >Properties, >J. Locke.
I 59
Epistemology: is not "reflection" of the outside world - but also not purely algorithmically.
In contrast Information/Lorenz embodied : E.g. hoof: "image" of the steppe soil - E.g. fin - "image" of the water.
VollmerVsLorenz: this is a misleading terminology.
>Comparisons, >Comparability, >Analogies.
Solution : texture of the hoof indicates texture of the soil.
>Evolution, cf. >Coevolution.
I 73
Knowledge/Vollmer: its third level, scientific knowledge is not genetically determined - there are no "biological roots" of the space-time - we are only obliged to consistency - otherwise we are free in forming hypotheses.
I 173
Epistemology/tradition/VollmerVsKant: why do we have just these forms of intuition and categories? - How are they formed? - Why are we bound to these a priori judgments and not to others?
>Objectivity, >Categorization, >Classification, >a priori, >Judgements, >Consistency.
I 294
Definition recognition: (1983(1),30): an adequate reconstruction and identification of external structures in the subject
a) construct an internal image,
b) compare the model with the stored engrams,
c) determine in how far object corresponds to already known - for that memory is required - reconstruction is therefore not a reflection.
Our concept of knowledge is narrower than any concept of information.
Stegmüller: three-digit relation: the subject recognizes the object as image.
I 296
Recognize/Kutschera: the step from ignorance to knowledge.
Knowledge/Kutschera: only to explicate as true belief. - Neither truth nor subjectivity is gradable.
>Truth, >Subjectivity, >Knowledge.
I 310
Epistemology/Vollmer: Tasks: - explication of terms - investigation of our cognitive abilities, comparing different cognitive systems - distinction of subjective and objective structures, descriptive and normative statements, factual and conventional elements - clarification of the conditions for recognition - demonstration of limits of knowledge.

1.Gerhard Vollmer: Mesokosmos und objektive Erkenntnis. In: Konrad Lorenz, Franz M. Wuketis (Hrsg.): Die Evolution des Denkens. München 1983, S. 29–91.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Vollmer I
G. Vollmer
Was können wir wissen? Bd. I Die Natur der Erkenntnis. Beiträge zur Evolutionären Erkenntnistheorie Stuttgart 1988

Vollmer II
G. Vollmer
Was können wir wissen? Bd II Die Erkenntnis der Natur. Beiträge zur modernen Naturphilosophie Stuttgart 1988

Send Link
> Counter arguments against Vollmer
> Counter arguments in relation to Epistemology

Authors A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Z  

Concepts A   B   C   D   E   F   G   H   I   J   K   L   M   N   O   P   Q   R   S   T   U   V   W   Y   Z