Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Haslam I 224
Categorization/Dovidio: the distinction between ingroup and outgroup has profound effects resulting in a number of ingroup/outgroup biases (see Dovidio and Gaertner, 2010(1)). Among other things, people
process information more deeply for ingroup than outgroup members,
favour ingroup over outgroup members in evaluations,
are more generous and forgiving in their behavioural attributions of ingroup versus outgroup members,
exhibit a physical readiness to approach ingroup members and avoid outgroup members,
are more helpful toward ingroup versus outgroup members,
are more cooperative toward and trustful of ingroup than
Haslam I 225
outgroup members, and
(g) exercise more personal restraint when using endangered resources with ingroup versus outgroup members.


1. Dovidio, J.F. and Gaertner, S.L. (2010) ‘Intergroup bias’, in S.T. Fiske, D. Gilbert and G. Lindzey (eds), Handbook of Social Psychology, Vol. 2 (5th edn). New York: Wiley. pp. 1084–121.


John F. Dovidio, „ Promoting Positive Intergroup Relations. Revisiting Aronson et al.’s jigsaw classroom“, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Dovidio, John F.
Haslam I
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017


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