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Categorization/social cognition/social psychology: intergroup biases are conceptualized as outcomes of normal cognitive processes associated with simplifying and storing the overwhelming quantity and complexity of information that people encounter daily. One fundamental aspect of this process is the tendency to categorize individuals as members of social groups based on distinguishing characteristics,
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often socially constructed as essential qualities. When people are categorized, into groups, differences among members within a group tend to be minimized, and distinctions between members of different categories tend to be exaggerated. Moreover, because of the evolutionary significance of group life, people automatically distinguish between others who are members of one’s own group, the ingroup, and others who are members of another group, an outgroup. (Vs: for an alternative interpretation see >Categorization/Psychological theories, >Information processing/Social psychology.)
John F. Dovidio, „ Promoting Positive Intergroup Relations. Revisiting Aronson et al.’s jigsaw classroom“, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic studies. London: Sage Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017