Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Sensation: ability to detect differences between own inner states related to stimuli. Sensations are fundamentally for perceptions and unlike them not linked to linguistic abilities. See also sensory impression, impression, perception, stimulation, stimuli, emotion, experience.

Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Saul A. Kripke on Sensations - Dictionary of Arguments

I 152
Sensation: let us say that it is a contingent property of heat to cause these sensations in people? Finally, it is also contingent that there are people on this planet at all. So you do not know a priori which physical phenomenon produces this or that sensation.
I 167 f
Sensation: acertain inventor (Franklin) could have existed without being an inventor.
But a particular sensation (pain) could not have existed without being a sensation.
I 167f
Sensation: sensation is a mediator.
Mental and physical: the mental and physical are no mediator, but identity (KripkeVs)!
>Identity theory.
Sensation: sensation has mediators between external phenomenon and observer.
I 167
One can have such a sensation without the presence of heat. In the case of pain and other mental phenomena that is not possible. Heat sensation is not equal to pain sensation.
>a posteriori, >a priori.
I 175
Heat: heat is rigid. Reference is determined by accidental properties (sensation, even without heat, deception possible). Pain: pain is rigid. The reference is determined by essential properties: if it feels like pain, it is pain.
>Rigidity, >Reference.
What God really has to do is turn this molecular movement into something that is perceived as heat! In order to do that, he must create some sentient beings. They can then go on and understand that the phrase "heat is the motion of molecules" expresses an a posteriori truth.
I 175
In the case of excitation of the C-fibers, God would additionally have to make us feel this excitement as pain, and not as a tickle or as heat or as nothing. The relation between the two phenomena is not the identity.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Kripke I
S.A. Kripke
Naming and Necessity, Dordrecht/Boston 1972
German Edition:
Name und Notwendigkeit Frankfurt 1981

Kripke II
Saul A. Kripke
"Speaker’s Reference and Semantic Reference", in: Midwest Studies in Philosophy 2 (1977) 255-276
Eigennamen, Ursula Wolf, Frankfurt/M. 1993

Kripke III
Saul A. Kripke
Is there a problem with substitutional quantification?
Truth and Meaning, G. Evans/J McDowell, Oxford 1976

Kripke IV
S. A. Kripke
Outline of a Theory of Truth (1975)
Recent Essays on Truth and the Liar Paradox, R. L. Martin (Hg), Oxford/NY 1984

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