Psychology Dictionary of ArgumentsHome
|Determinism, philosophy: the idea that events and mental states occur due to strict laws and are therefore determined in advance. For a prediction one only has to know the environmental conditions. The fact that we do not know if determinism is true is sometimes explained by our incomplete knowledge of the environment. See also indeterminism, strict laws, prediction, probability, probabilism._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
Karl Popper on Determinism - Dictionary of Arguments
McGinn I 135
Freedom/domestication theory/indeterministical/McGinn: Thesis: only an acausal model could meet the freedom modality.
If you say the actor was able to act otherwise, one must believe that a repeat would not lead to a decision that would be determined.
(Accordingly some are of the opinion, freedom must be rooted in quantum indeterminacy.) E.g.
Eccles/Popper: Thesis: Random events at the subatomic level in the brain are responsible.
McGinnVsEccles/McGinnVsPopper: desperate responses to problems of the first type: randomness on the deepest level is required. Then the actor is quasi a passive victim of quantum leaps.
Both types of explanation are not satisfactory, the assumed similarities are distortions._____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
The Logic of Scientific Discovery, engl. trnsl. 1959
Grundprobleme der Erkenntnislogik. Zum Problem der Methodenlehre
Wahrheitstheorien, Gunnar Skirbekk, Frankfurt/M. 1977
Problems in Philosophy. The Limits of Inquiry, Cambridge/MA 1993
Die Grenzen vernünftigen Fragens Stuttgart 1996
The Mysteriouy Flame. Conscious Minds in a Material World, New York 1999
Wie kommt der Geist in die Materie? München 2001
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