Social Psychology on Genetic Variation - Dictionary of Arguments
Haslam I 245
Genetic Variation/racial gaps/Social psychology: One issue that stimulated a great deal of discussion in the 1990s was racial gaps in academic achievement and test scores that persisted despite legal and social efforts to dismantle institutionalized barriers to educational advancement (Kao and Thompson, 2003)(1). In popular media and academic circles, explanations ranged from stark differences in educational quality in what were (and still are) racially segregated schools (Kozol, 2012)(2) to controversial claims of inherent genetic differences in intelligence based on race (Herrnstein and Murray, 1994(3)).
It was in the context of this broader national debate about the racial gap in performance that Claude Steele and Joshua Aronson introduced a ground-breaking set of studies that have become a modern classic in the field (Devine and Brodish, 2003(4); Fiske 2003(5)). >Stereotype threat/Aronson/Steele.
1. Kao, G. and Thompson,J.S. (2003) ‘Racial and ethnic stratification in educational achievement and attainment’, Annual Review of Sociology, 29:417-42.
2. Kozol, J. (2012) Savage Inequalities: Children in America’s Schools. New York: Broadway
3. Herrnstein, R. and Murray, C. (1994) The Bell Curve. New York: Free Press.
4. Devine, P.G. and Brodish, A.B. (2003) 1Modern classics in social psychology’, Psychological
5. Fiske, S.T. (2003) ‘The discomfort index: How to spot a really good idea whose time has come’, Psychological Inquiry, 14:203—8.
Toni Schmader and Chad Forbes, “Stereotypes and Performance. Revisiting Steele and Aronson’s stereotypes threat experiments”, in: Joanne R. Smith and S. Alexander Haslam (eds.) 2017. Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
S. Alexander Haslam
Joanne R. Smith
Social Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2017