Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Command: linguistic expression of an instruction to act. The command has the form of a non-descriptive sentence. It can not be true or false.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Arthur N. Prior on Commands - Dictionary of Arguments

I 66
Command/Relation/Brackets/Prior: we can eliminate the misconception that a command is a relation between a commanding person and something that is commanded through the right brackets.
Instead of
"X commands us/to close the door"
""X commands us to/"door close""
where "commands us to" is not a two-digit predicate, but rather an operator which forms a sentence from a name on one side, and an imperative sentence on the other.
, >Predicates.
I 66
Imperatives/Prior: cannot be treated like indicatives.
>Sentences, >Statements.
I 69
Command/Prior: E.g. "There are commands that have never been voiced and will never be voiced".
Command/Prior: "you schould have closed the door before": the past tense does not relate to the content, absurd.
"I closed the door before...".
Negation of a command/Prior: two options:
a) "!not-p": "see to it that p does not happen"
b) "not(!p) "something like: "you need not worry about it".
E.g. "Do something" can have two forms:
a) "for some p, see to it that p"
b) "see to it that (for some p, p)"
that is probably not equivalent!
E.g. "Make sure that 2 + 2 = 4" is absurd, because commands always serve to bring about facts that do not exist yet.
Therefore, an instruction cannot be made true like a fact, namely by something that had been the case earlier. - Therefore, objectivity of ethics compromised.
>Truthmakers, >Objectivity, >Ethics.

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

Pri I
A. Prior
Objects of thought Oxford 1971

Pri II
Arthur N. Prior
Papers on Time and Tense 2nd Edition Oxford 2003

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> Counter arguments against Prior
> Counter arguments in relation to Commands

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