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Face perception/Meltzoff/Slater: It has long been accepted that human newborns have a preference to attend to faces, and hence a representation of faces. However, there is no consensus on how elaborate this representation may be. Given that newborns could not imitate facial gestures without attending to the internal features (eyes, mouth, etc.) of the face Meltzoff and Moore’s findings were the first clear evidence that newborns attend to internal facial features.
Slater: Additional evidence in support of this suggestion was provided by the finding that newborn infants prefer to look at the more attractive of two faces when these are shown side by side and that they use information about internal facial features in making preferences based on attractiveness (Slater et al. 2000) (1). >Explanation/Meltzoff.
For newer explanations: >Mirror neurons/psychological theories.
1. Slater, A., Bremner, J. G. Johnson, S. P., Sherwood, P. Hayes, R. & Brown, E. (2000), Newborn infant’s preference for attractive faces: The role of internal and external facial features. Infancy, 1, 265-274
Alan M. Slater, “Imitation in Infancy. Revisiting Meltzoff and Moore’s (1977) Study”, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications _____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012