Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Slater I 78
Imitation/developmental psychology/Slater: (>Imitation/psychological theories, >Imitation/Meltzoff) by now, many researchers have authored, or co-authored, positive findings on imitation by neo-nates, in one case by the first face newborns saw within the first hour from birth (Reissland, 1988)(1). With human newborns, the gestures that have been positively identified as being imitated, in addition to mouth opening (MO), tongue protrusion (TP), lip protrusion and sequential finger movements, include head movements, sad, and surprised facial expressions, and the vocalizations “Ah”, “m”, and “a”, the latter being identified by newborns’ mouth movements o imitate the adult’s mouth movements when producing the gestures. >Imitation/Animal Studies.
The evidence points towards the conclusion that the capacity for imitation is present at birth. >Mirror neurons/psychological theories.


1. Reissland, N. (1988). Neonatal imitation in the 1st year of life in rural Nepal. Developmental Psychology, 24, 464-469

Alan M. Slater, “Imitation in Infancy. Revisiting Meltzoff and Moore’s (1977) Study”, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Developmental Psychology
Slater I
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012


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