|Intention: the will to commit an act, as opposed to a random occurrence of such an event. See also motives, causation, will._____________Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments. |
|Slater I 82
Intention/Meltzoff/developmental psychology/Slater: in an experiment (Meltzoff 1995b)(1) Meltzoff showed 18-month-old infants an action in which an adult failed to pull the ends off a barbell. The infants were then given the object and they successfully pulled the ends off the barbell.
It appeared that they guessed the adult’s intention.
Variant: the infants did not behave the same way when a mechanical hand or pincer device carried out the same, failed, action with the barbell; they were six times less likely to produce the “successful” act when the failed act was modeled by the pincer.
[The] distinction between animae and inanimate models has also been found by others (Legerstee and Markova (2008)(2).
1. Meltzoff, A. N. (1995b) Understanding the intentions of others - re-enactment of intended acts by 18-month-old infants. Developmental Science, 31, 838-850.
2. Legerstee, M. & Markova, G. (2008). Variations in 10-month-old infant imitation of people and things. Infant Behavior and Development, 31, 81-91.
Alan M. Slater, “Imitation in Infancy. Revisiting Meltzoff and Moore’s (1977) Study”, in: Alan M. Slater and Paul C. Quinn (eds.) 2012. Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies. London: Sage Publications_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
|Meltzoff, Andrew N.
Alan M. Slater
Paul C. Quinn
Developmental Psychology. Revisiting the Classic Studies London 2012