Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Learning: learning is acquiring the ability to establish relationships between signs, symptoms or symbols and objects. This also includes e.g. recognition and recollection of patterns, similarities, sensory perceptions, self-perception, etc. In the ideal case, the ability to apply generalizations to future cases is acquired while learning. See also knowledge, knowledge-how, competence.

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Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

 
Author Item Summary Meta data
Upton I 6
Learning/Behaviorism/VsBehaviorism/Upton: One area that behaviourist theories do not explain is the type of learning that takes place when someone learns by observing a model.
Upton I 7
Social Learning/Bandura: Called social learning by Albert Bandura (1963)(1), this is the process by which someone imitates the behaviour observed in another person when it appears to have reinforcing consequences, and inhibits such behaviour when the observed consequence is punishment. >Reinforcement sensivity/psychological theories, >Punishment/Behavioral economics.


1. Bandura, Albert/Ross, Dorothea/Ross, Sheila A. (1963): Imitation of film-mediated aggressive models. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 66, S. 3-11.


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Behaviorism
Upton I
Penney Upton
Developmental Psychology 2011


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