Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Corr I 427
Control Processes/Carver/Scheier: We address two layers of control processes, managing two different aspects of behaviour. The layers function to permit people to handle multiple tasks across time. More specifically, they help transform simultaneous motives into a stream of actions that shifts repeatedly from one goal to another. >Feedback/Carver/Scheier, >Self-regulation/Carver/Scheier, >Affect/Carver/Scheier.
Corr I 430
[There is a] natural connection between affect and action; that is, if the input of the affect loop is a rate of progress in action, the output function of the affect loop must be a change in rate of that action. Thus, the affect loop has a direct influence on what occurs in the action loop.
The idea of two layers of feedback systems functioning together turns out to be quite common in control engineering (e.g., Clark 1996)(1). Engineers have long recognized that having two systems–one controlling position, one controlling velocity–permits the device they control to respond in a way that is both quick and stable, without overshoots and oscillations.
Psychology/Carver/Scheier: The combination of quickness and stability in responding is desirable in the kinds of devices engineers deal with, but it is also desirable in living beings. A person with very reactive emotions overreacts, and oscillates behaviourally.


1. Clark, R. N. 1996. Control system dynamics. New York: Cambridge University Press


Charles S. Carver and Michael F. Scheier, “Self-regulation and controlling personality functioning” in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Carver, Charles S.
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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