Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Self-knowledge, philosophy: here we are concerned with the conditions for the ability of a thinking subject to distinguish itself from other subjects or objects in order to relate to itself with language, gestures, and actions. See also Privileged access, First Person, Identification, Individuation, Self-identification, Introspection, Self, I, Self-ascription.
Annotation: The above characterizations of concepts are neither definitions nor exhausting presentations of problems related to them. Instead, they are intended to give a short introduction to the contributions below. – Lexicon of Arguments.

Author Concept Summary/Quotes Sources

Michael D. Robinson on Self-Knowledge - Dictionary of Arguments

Corr I 461
Self-Knowledge/Robinson/Sedikides: Generalized self-knowledge has properties of association consistent with semantic memory networks (Kihlstrom, Beer and Klein 2003(1); Robinson and Clore 2002a(2)). These associative links should, in turn, have systematic implications for understanding how traits function. For example, a greater interconnectivity of positive affective knowledge should render it more likely that one positive thought would trigger another one in daily life (Robinson and Compton2008)(3).
In support of this sort of analysis, a series of studies have shown that higher levels of life satisfaction are associated with stronger positive affective priming effects (Robinson and Kirkeby 2005(4); Robinson and von Hippel 2006(5)), whereas higher levels of Neuroticism are associated with stronger negative affective priming effects (Robinson, Ode, Moeller and Goetz 2007)(6).
In short, traits may be profitably viewed as associative memory structures, as assessed within semantic and affective priming paradigms.

1. Kihlstrom, J. F., Beer, J. B. and Klein, S. B. 2003. Self and identity as memory, in M. R. Leary and J. P. Tangney (eds.), Handbook of self and identity, pp. 68–90.New York: Guilford Press
2. Robinson, M. D. and Clore, G. L. 2002a. Belief and feeling: an accessibility model of emotional self-report, Psychological Bulletin 128: 934–60
3. Robinson, M. D. and Compton, R. J. 2008. The happy mind in action: the cognitive basis of subjective well-being, in M. Eid and R. J. Larsen (eds.), The science of subjective well-being, pp. 220–38 New York: Guilford Press
4. Robinson, M. D. and Kirkeby, B. S. 2005. Happiness as a belief system: individual differences and priming in emotion judgments, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 31: 1134–44
5. Robinson, M. D. and von Hippel, W. 2006. Rose-colored priming effects: life satisfaction and affective priming, Journal of Positive Psychology 1: 187–97
6. Robinson, M. D., Ode, S., Moeller, S. K. and Goetz, P. W. 2007. Neuroticism and affective priming: evidence for a Neuroticism-linked negative schema, Personality and Individual Differences 42: 1221–31

Michael D. Robinson and Constantine Sedikides, “Traits and the self: toward an integration”, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press

Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. Translations: Dictionary of Arguments
The note [Concept/Author], [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] resp. "problem:"/"solution:", "old:"/"new:" and "thesis:" is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.

EconRobin I
James A. Robinson
James A. Acemoglu
Why nations fail. The origins of power, prosperity, and poverty New York 2012

Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018

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