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Goals/Research/Cognitive Science/Matthews: Suppose anxiety relates to vulnerability to overload, to selective attention to threat, and negative biases in higher-level thinking. Individuals high and low in anxiety may then differ fundamentally in how they cognize the world around them and their own place in it; they inhabit different subjective worlds. Researchers may then have different motives for running studies of personality and performance: to test psychobiological theories, to relate traits to information-processing, and to link traits to high level cognitive functions that shape the person’s sense of self. (…) I will argue that these different research goals correspond to different explanations within cognitive science (Pylyshyn 1999)(1).
Somewhat separate theories may be developed that variously account for personality in terms of individual differences in
(1) key neural functions,
(2) parameters of the virtual cognitive architecture that supports information-processing, and
(3) self-knowledge and personal goals.
1. Pylyshyn, Z. W. 1999. What’s in your mind?, in E. Lepore and Z. W. Pylyshyn (eds.), What is cognitive science?, pp. 1–25. Oxford: Blackwell
Gerald Matthews, „ Personality and performance: cognitive processes and models“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press_____________Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution. The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Philip J. Corr
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009