Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Corr I 412
Working Memory/Cognitive Psychology/Matthews: Experiments show that anxiety affects working memory rather than retrieval, and manipulations that increase working memory load, such as adding a dual-task component, produce increasingly large performance deficits in math-anxious individuals. Ashcraft and Krause (2007)(1) also point out that math-anxious persons tend to sacrifice accuracy for speed, especially on difficult problems, in an effort to conclude the aversive experience (i.e., a form of avoidance coping). >Memory/Cognitive Psychology, >Memory/Eysenck, >Performance/Cognitive Psychology.



1. Ashcraft, M. H. and Krause, A. 2007. Working memory, memory, math performance, and math anxiety, Psychonomic Bulletin and Review 14: 243–8


Gerald Matthews, „ Personality and performance: cognitive processes and models“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Matthews, Gerald
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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