Psychology Dictionary of Arguments

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Corr I 407
Performance/neuroscience/Matthews: A study using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) confirmed that, during task performance, Extraversion correlates with activity in brain areas believed to be implicated in working memory and executive control (Gray, Burgess, Schaefer et al. 2005)(1). Humphreys and Revelle (1984)(2) also derived the traditional inverted-U function linking arousal to performance as a special case applying to complex tasks such as intelligence tests only.



1. Gray, J. R., Burgess, G. C., Schaefer, A., Yarkoni, T., Larsen, R. J. and Braver, T. S. 2005. Affective personality differences in neural processing efficiency confirmed using fMRI, Cognitive, Affective and Behavioural Neuroscience 5: 182–90
2. Humphreys, M. S. and Revelle, W. 1984. Personality, motivation and performance: a theory of the relationship between individual differences and information processing, Psychological Review 91: 153–84


Gerald Matthews, „ Personality and performance: cognitive processes and models“, in: Corr, Ph. J. & Matthews, G. (eds.) 2009. The Cambridge handbook of Personality Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press


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Explanation of symbols: Roman numerals indicate the source, arabic numerals indicate the page number. The corresponding books are indicated on the right hand side. ((s)…): Comment by the sender of the contribution.
The note [Author1]Vs[Author2] or [Author]Vs[term] is an addition from the Dictionary of Arguments. If a German edition is specified, the page numbers refer to this edition.
Neuroscience
Corr I
Philip J. Corr
Gerald Matthews
The Cambridge Handbook of Personality Psychology New York 2009

Corr II
Philip J. Corr (Ed.)
Personality and Individual Differences - Revisiting the classical studies Singapore, Washington DC, Melbourne 2018


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